Table of Contents
1. What is ETF?
Investing in exchange-traded funds (ETFs) is an excellent way for beginner investors in Singapore to enter the world of investing. ETFs offer diversification, liquidity, and a wide range of investment options. Whether you are new to investing or planning to invest in Singapore, this guide will provide you with valuable insights into buying ETFs and help you make informed investment decisions.
What is ETF?
ETFs, or exchange-traded funds, are investment funds traded on stock exchanges, similar to individual stocks. They are designed to track the performance of an underlying index, such as a stock index or bond index. ETFs provide investors with exposure to a diversified portfolio of assets, allowing them to invest in a wide range of securities through a single investment vehicle.
5 Reasons Why People Buy ETFs in Singapore
Investing in ETFs provides immediate diversification, which is a key principle of investment that helps to manage risk. An ETF can hold hundreds or even thousands of different securities like stocks or bonds from different industries and countries. This wide coverage means the performance of the ETF does not rely on a single company, industry, or country. Therefore, if one stock in the ETF underperforms, the negative impact is minimized because it is only a small portion of the entire portfolio. This reduces the potential for catastrophic losses that could occur when heavily invested in a single stock or a small group of stocks.
2. High liquidity
ETFs trade on the stock exchange just like individual stocks, meaning that they can be bought or sold throughout the trading day at current market prices. This characteristic brings a high level of liquidity, which is the ease with which an investment can be bought or sold without causing a significant movement in its price and with minimum loss of value. This liquidity feature is important for investors who want to maintain the flexibility to quickly adjust their portfolios in response to market changes.
3. Low barrier to entry
ETFs are known for their affordability. Unlike mutual funds, which often have high minimum investment requirements, ETFs can be purchased for the price of a single share, which can be significantly less. This low barrier to entry makes them an appealing investment vehicle for beginner investors or those with limited capital. It allows these investors to start building a diversified portfolio without needing a large sum of money.
4. Wide variety of ETFs available
Singapore's market offers a broad selection of ETFs that cover various asset classes, including stocks, bonds, commodities, real estate, and many others. There are also sector-specific ETFs that focus on particular industries like technology, healthcare, or financials, and ETFs that track specific market indices. This wide selection allows investors to tailor their investments according to their risk tolerance, investment goals, and personal interests. For example, investors who want exposure to the growing technology sector can choose a technology-focused ETF.
Investors based in Singapore are encouraged to consider purchasing ETFs from global venues such as the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), London Stock Exchange (LSE), Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE), or Hong Kong Stock Exchange (HKEX). This accessibility means that investors can gain exposure to a wide range of local companies and sectors without having to buy each individual stock. Additionally, some ETFs on the SGX also offer exposure to global markets, allowing investors in Singapore to easily invest in overseas companies or sectors. The accessibility of ETFs makes it easier for investors to build a well-diversified and balanced portfolio.
11 Types of ETFs for Investment in Singapore
How to Select the Right ETF to Buy?
When selecting an ETF to buy in Singapore, consider the following factors:
The assets under management (AUM) of an ETF refer to the total market value of the assets the ETF holds. ETFs with higher AUMs are generally more established and have better liquidity, which means that it is easier for investors to buy and sell shares without significantly impacting the price.
Also, ETFs with substantial AUMs are likely to have narrower bid-ask spreads. This refers to the difference between the price a buyer is willing to pay for an asset (bid) and the price a seller is willing to accept (ask). A narrower spread means lower costs for the investor when entering and exiting positions.
The volume of shares traded each day, or the trading volume, is another important liquidity measure. ETFs with higher daily trading volumes tend to have better liquidity, which makes it easier for investors to buy or sell shares without causing a major shift in the ETF's price. Additionally, ETFs with higher trading volumes generally have narrower bid-ask spreads, which can lower transaction costs.
Underlying Asset or Index
Each ETF is designed to track a particular asset or index. Therefore, it is important for investors to understand what the ETF tracks and how it performs. This includes knowing the composition of the underlying index or asset, its historical performance, and its potential for future growth. The chosen ETF should align with your investment goals, risk tolerance, and overall investment strategy.
Fund manager’s reputation
When selecting an ETF, consider the reputation and market position of the ETF issuer and the fund manager. Established and reputable providers tend to offer more reliable and transparent ETF products. They are also more likely to have strong risk management procedures in place, which can provide investors with an added layer of protection.
The tracking error of an ETF measures how closely the ETF's performance matches the performance of the underlying index it's designed to track. An ETF with a low tracking error closely follows its underlying index, which means it effectively delivers on its investment mandate. A high tracking error, on the other hand, suggests the ETF deviates significantly from the performance of the index, which could impact your investment returns.
Finally, consider the expense ratio, which is a measure of what it costs investors to invest into the ETF. The expense ratio is expressed as fees as a percentage of the fund's average net assets. Lower expense ratios are better for investors because they take away less from your overall returns. This is particularly important for long-term investors, as these costs compound over time.
How to Buy ETFs in Singapore?
There are several methods for buying ETFs in Singapore:
- Brokerage Account: Open a brokerage account with a reputable brokerage firm in Singapore. Fund your account and place buy orders for the desired ETFs through the online trading platform provided by the brokerage.
- Fund Platform: Another method for buying ETFs in Singapore is through a fund platform. Fund platforms provide a convenient way for investors to access a wide range of ETFs from various global venues. These platforms typically offer a user-friendly interface where investors can browse and select from a diverse selection of ETFs.
- Regular Savings Plan: Some brokerage firms offer regular savings plans (RSPs) that allow investors to automate monthly investments in ETFs. With an RSP, you can invest a fixed amount regularly, reducing the impact of market volatility.
- Robo Advisor: You can also consider using a robo advisor platform that offers ETF portfolios tailored to your investment goals and risk tolerance. Robo advisors automate the investment process, making it easy for beginners to start investing in ETFs.
Costs of Investing in ETFs
When investing in ETFs, it is important to consider the costs involved:
Expense Ratio: The expense ratio represents the annual management fees and operating expenses of the ETF. It is deducted from the fund's assets and affects the overall returns. Look for ETFs with lower expense ratios to minimize costs.
Brokerage Fees: When buying or selling ETFs through a brokerage account, you may incur brokerage fees or commissions. Be aware of the fee structure and choose a brokerage with competitive rates.
Spread: The bid-ask spread is the difference between the buying price (ask) and selling price (bid) of an ETF. A narrower spread reduces trading costs. Consider trading during periods of high liquidity to minimize the impact of spreads.
Final Thoughts about Investing in ETFs in Singapore
Investing in ETFs provides beginner investors in Singapore with a convenient and diversified investment option. ETFs offer the benefits of diversification, liquidity, and accessibility. By selecting the right ETFs and using the appropriate investment methods, investors can start building a well-rounded investment portfolio.
In addition to ETFs, you can also consider another exciting investment opportunity for Singaporeans - investing in private debt via Kilde. Kilde is a digital investment platform based in Singapore, which allows investors to venture into alternative investment options such as private debt, which may not be otherwise accessible.
Investing in private debt through Kilde has the potential to generate annual returns of up to 13.5*%. Kilde thus broadens the scope of investment options, complementing the traditional choices like ETFs and offering a diverse path towards wealth creation and financial growth.
To sum up, it is vital to understand the different strategies and potential returns of the financial products that you want to invest in. Singapore offers an array of investment opportunities, and the key to success in wealth generation is researching, understanding, and wisely deploying your capital across these investment options.
*KILDE PTE LTD (“Kilde”) is incorporated in Singapore (registration no. 201929587K) is licenced and regulated by the Monetary Authority Singapore and holds a Capital Markets Services Licence (CMS101016) and an Exempted Financial Advisor License under the Financial Adviser Act. The information provided in this marketing material is intended for “accredited investors” and “institutional investors” (collectively “qualified persons”) only. This marketing material, and any information in this marketing material, or any documentation that Kilde provides in relation to this marketing material is provided without any representation or any kind of warranties whatsoever (whether express or implied by law).
This advertisement has not been reviewed by the Monetary Authority of Singapore.